"Believing Women" in Islam
"Believing Women" in Islam: Unreading Patriarchal Interpretations of the Qur'an is a 2002 book by Asma Barlas, published by the University of Texas Press. According to Barlas, the Qur'an does not support patriarchy and modern day Muslims were not properly interpreting the text. She argues that the Qur'an supports equal spousal and marital rights and does not differentiate among sex and gender. Barlas attributes incorrect interpretations of the Qur'an to the hadith, shariah, and sunnah. Barlas stated that men were mostly the ones who had developed shariah.
As of 2002, Barlas was the head of the Ithaca College Department of Politics, and the interim director of the college's Center for the Study of Culture, Race, and Ethnicity. She is a Muslim and believes the Qur'an is of divine origin.
Kristin Zahra Sands of the New York University Department of Middle Eastern Studies described the book as a Quranic exigesis rather than being an eternal study of exigesis. Barlas criticizes the traditional use of the hadith (sayings of Muhammed, not in the Quran) and tafsir (interpretation of the Quran), texts she sees as important to the misogynistic customs and beliefs in contemporary Islam, in Part I; these texts are often used together with the Qur'an in Islam. She advocates using itjihad (informed independent thought). The author has criticized some English translations of the Qur'an, and she argued that the document may be explored in any language.
Sands argued that the book is "an interesting contribution to contemporary Muslim thought that will be useful in teaching a broad range of undergraduate and graduate courses." Sands stated that due to the book's use of Islamic and feminist terminology, it would be best used "selectively" in introductory classes. Sands argued that the book should have been "engaging more fully with the Arabic interpretative tradition" and that the book should not criticize a translation if it accurately reflects the original Arabic.
Carolyn M. Craft of Longwood University wrote that the book is important for larger public libraries and academic libraries, and that it complements Qur'an and Woman: Rereading the Sacred Text from a Woman's Perspective by Amina Wadud.
- Craft, Carolyn M. (Longwood University). "Barlas, Asma. "Believing Women" in Islam: Unreading Patriarchal Interpretations of the Qur'an." Library Journal, August, 2002, Vol.127(13), p.102(1).
- Sands, Kristin Zahra (2003). "Reviewed work: "Believing Women" in Islam: Unreading Patriarchal Interpretations of the Qur'an, Asma Barlas". International Journal of Middle East Studies. 35 (4): 635–636. doi:10.1017/S0020743803220262. JSTOR 3879867.
- Sardar, Ziauddin. "The agony of a 21st-century Muslim." New Statesman (1996), 17 Feb 2003, Vol.132, p. 50. - Refers to "Believing Women" in Islam, Islam Explained by Tahar Ben Jelloun, and The Prophet Muhammad: A Biography by Barnaby Rogerson
- Smith, Jane I. (Hartford Seminary). ""Believing Women" in Islam. Unreading Patriarchal Interpretations of the Quran."(Book Review). The Muslim World, Fall, 2002, Vol.92(3-4), pp. 481–483. H.W. Wilson WN: 0228801584012.
- Smith, Jane, p. 481. "The argument of her book, however, which is to refute the claim that the Qur'an in any way supports patriarchy, is based on her insistence that contemporary Muslims must take responsibility for the recovery of the true and proper meaning of the sacred text. That Muslims have not determined criteria for generating a "textually legitimate reading of the Qur'an" she identifies as both a hermeneutical and theological failure."
- Sardar, p. 51.
- Sands, p. 635.
- Sands, p. 636.
- "Believing Women in Islam." (Book Review) Library Journal, August, 2002, Vol.127(13), p. 102