DataDriven Coordination of Distributed Energy Resources for Active Power Provision
Abstract
In this paper, we propose a framework for coordinating distributed energy resources (DERs) connected to a power distribution system, the model of which is not completely known, so that they collectively provide a specified amount of active power to the bulk power system as quantified by the power exchange between both systems at the bus interconnecting them, while respecting distribution line capacity limits. The proposed framework consists of (i) a linear timevarying inputoutput (IO) system model that represents the relation between the DER active power injections (inputs), and the total active power exchanged between the distribution and bulk power systems (output); (ii) an estimator that aims to estimate the IO model parameters, and (iii) a controller that determines the optimal DER active power injections so the power exchanged between both systems equals to the specified amount at a minimum generating cost. We formulate the estimation problem as a quadratic program with box constraints and solve it using the projected gradient descent algorithm. To resolve the potential issue of collinearity in the measurements used by the estimator, we introduce random perturbations in the DER active power injections during the estimation process. Using the estimated IO model, the optimal DER coordination problem to be solved by the controller can be formulated as a convex optimization problem, which can be solved easily. The effectiveness of the framework is validated via numerical simulations using the IEEE 123bus distribution test feeder.
 Publication:

IEEE Transactions on Power Systems
 Pub Date:
 July 2019
 DOI:
 10.1109/TPWRS.2019.2899451
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1804.00043
 Bibcode:
 2019ITPSy..34.3047X
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Optimization and Control
 EPrint:
 Accepted to IEEE Transactions on Power Systems