[[Category:Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory with short description]]Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memoryExpression error: Unexpected < operatorLua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory

Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memoryLua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory

Marilynne Summers Robinson (born November 26, 1943) is an American novelist and essayist. Across her writing career, Robinson has received numerous awards, including the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 2005, National Humanities Medal in 2012, and the 2016 Library of Congress Prize for American Fiction. In 2016, Robinson was named in Time magazine's list of 100 most influential people.[1] Robinson began teaching at the Iowa Writers' Workshop in 1991[2] and retired in the spring of 2016.[3]

Robinson is best known for her novels Housekeeping (1980) and Gilead (2004). Her novels are noted for their thematic depiction of faith and rural life.[4] The subjects of her essays span numerous topics, including the relationship between religion and science, US history, nuclear pollution, John Calvin, and contemporary American politics.

Life and career

Robinson was born on November 26, 1943 in Sandpoint, Idaho, the daughter of Eileen (Harris) and John J. Summers, a lumber company employee.[5][6][7] Her brother is the art historian David Summers, who dedicated his book Vision, Reflection, and Desire in Western Painting to her. She did her undergraduate work at Pembroke College, the former women's college at Brown University, receiving her Bachelor of Arts degree magna cum laude in 1966, where she was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. At Brown, one of her teachers was the celebrated postmodern novelist John Hawkes.[8] She received her Doctor of Philosophy degree in English from the University of Washington in 1977.[9][10]

Robinson has written four highly acclaimed novels: Housekeeping (1980), Gilead (2004), Home (2008), and Lila (2014). Housekeeping was a finalist for the 1982 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction (US), Gilead was awarded the 2005 Pulitzer, and Home received the 2009 Orange Prize for Fiction (UK). Home and Lila are companions to Gilead and focus on the Boughton and Ames families during the same time period.[11][12]

Robinson is also the author of many non-fiction works, including Mother Country: Britain, the Welfare State, and Nuclear Pollution (1989), The Death of Adam: Essays on Modern Thought (1998), Absence of Mind: The Dispelling of Inwardness from the Modern Myth of the Self (2010), When I Was a Child I Read Books: Essays (2012), The Givenness of Things: Essays (2015), and What Are We Doing Here? (2018). She has written numerous articles, essays and reviews for Harper's, The Paris Review, and The New York Review of Books.[13][14][15]

In addition to her tenure from 1991 to 2016 on the faculty of the University of Iowa, where she retired as the F. Wendell Miller Professor of English and Creative Writing, Robinson has been writer-in-residence or visiting professor at many colleges and universities, including Amherst (where she taught, among other illustrious students, the novelist David Foster Wallace), and the University of Massachusetts Amherst's MFA Program for Poets and Writers.[16] In 2009, she held a Dwight H. Terry Lectureship at Yale University, where she delivered a series of talks titled Absence of Mind: The Dispelling of Inwardness from the Modern Myth of the Self. On April 19, 2010, she was elected a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.[17] In May 2011, Robinson delivered the University of Oxford's annual Esmond Harmsworth Lecture in American Arts and Letters at the university's Rothermere American Institute.

Robinson still lives in Iowa City, and spends the summers with family in upstate New York.[18] She was the keynote speaker for the 75th anniversary celebration of the Iowa Writers' Workshop in June 2011, and she gave the 2012 Annual Buechner Lecture at The Buechner Institute at King University. On February 18, 2013, she was the speaker at the Easter Convocation of the University of the South, Sewanee, Tennessee and was awarded the degree of Doctor of Literature honoris causa. In 2012, Brown University awarded Robinson the degree of Doctor of Literature honoris causa.[19] The College of the Holy Cross, Notre Dame, Amherst College, Skidmore College, the University of Oxford, and Yale University have also awarded Robinson honorary degrees. She has been elected a fellow of Mansfield College, Oxford.[20]

Robinson was raised as a Presbyterian and later became a Congregationalist, worshipping and sometimes preaching at the Congregational United Church of Christ in Iowa City.[21][22] Her Congregationalism and her interest in the ideas of John Calvin have been important in many of her novels, including Gilead, which centers on the life and theological concerns of a fictional Congregationalist minister.[23] In an interview with the Church Times in 2012, Robinson said: "I think, if people actually read Calvin, rather than read Max Weber, he would be rebranded. He is a very respectable thinker."[24]

The former Archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams, has described Robinson as "one of the world's most compelling English-speaking novelists", adding that "Robinson's is a voice we urgently need to attend to in both Church and society here [in the UK]."[25] On January 24, 2013, Robinson was announced to be among the finalists for the 2013 Man Booker International Prize.[26]

On June 26, 2015, President Barack Obama quoted Robinson in his eulogy for Clementa C. Pinckney of Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Charleston, South Carolina. In speaking about "an open heart," Obama said: "[w]hat a friend of mine, the writer Marilynne Robinson, calls 'that reservoir of goodness, beyond, and of another kind, that we are able to do each other in the ordinary cause of things.'" [27] In November 2015, The New York Review of Books published a two-part conversation between Obama and Robinson, covering topics in American history and the role of faith in society.[28][29]

Personal life

In 1967 she married Fred Miller Robinson,[30][31] a writer and professor at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. The Robinsons divorced in 1989.[32]

The couple had two sons, James and Joseph. In the late 1970s, she wrote Housekeeping in the evenings while they slept. Robinson said they influenced her writing in many ways, since "[Motherhood] changes your sense of life, your sense of yourself."[33]

Bibliography

Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory

Fiction

  • Housekeeping (1980) Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memoryLua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memoryLua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory, Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  • Gilead (2004) Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memoryLua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memoryLua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory, Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  • Home (2008) Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memoryLua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memoryLua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory, Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  • Lila (2014) Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memoryLua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memoryLua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory, Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory[34]
  • Jack (2020) Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memoryLua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memoryLua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory, Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory[35]

Online fiction

  • Kansas - published in The New Yorker on September 6, 2004

Nonfiction

Books

  • Mother Country: Britain, the Welfare State, and Nuclear Pollution (1989) Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memoryLua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memoryLua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory, Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  • The Death of Adam: Essays on Modern Thought (1998) Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memoryLua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memoryLua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory, Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  • Absence of Mind: The Dispelling of Inwardness from the Modern Myth of the Self (2010) Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memoryLua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memoryLua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory, Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  • When I Was a Child I Read Books (2012)
  • The Givenness of Things: Essays (2015) Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memoryLua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memoryLua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory, Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  • What Are We Doing Here?: Essays (2018) Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memoryLua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memoryLua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory, Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory[36]

Essays and reporting

  • Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  • "On Edgar Allan Poe", The New York Review of Books, vol. LXII, no. 2 (February 5, 2015), pp. 4, 6.
  • Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  • Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  • Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  • Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  • Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory

Interviews

Awards

References

  1. ^ 100 Most Influential People Marilynne Robinson Time, April 2016
  2. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  3. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  4. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  5. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  6. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  7. ^ https://www.hillandwood.com/obituary/1887647
  8. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  9. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  10. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  11. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  12. ^ Dave Itzkoff, "Marilynne Robinson Wins Orange Prize", The New York Times, June 3, 2009.
  13. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  14. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  15. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  16. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  17. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  18. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  19. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  20. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  21. ^ "Marilynne Robinson interview: The faith behind the fiction" Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory, Reform, September 2010.
  22. ^ "Marilynne Robinson", Religion & Ethics Newsweekly, September 18, 2009.
  23. ^ "Marilynne Robinson", Religion & Ethics Newsweekly, March 18, 2005.
  24. ^ Wroe, Martin, "A minister of the word", Church Times, 22 June 2012
  25. ^ Williams, Rowan, "Mighty plea for reasonableness", Church Times, 12 August 2012
  26. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  27. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  28. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  29. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  30. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  31. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  32. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  33. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  34. ^ "Five books for 2014", The Economist November 21, 2013
  35. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  36. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  37. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  38. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  39. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  40. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  41. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  42. ^ President Obama to Award 2012 National Medal of Arts and National Humanities Medal Whitehouse.gov, retrieved 30 June 2013
  43. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  44. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  45. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory
  46. ^ Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory

Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory

External links

Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory

Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory Lua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memoryLua error: Cannot create process: proc_open(): fork failed - Cannot allocate memory